# Wikifunctions:Excel functions

Microsoft Excel functions include the following.

## Add-in and automation

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

CALL | Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource | ||

EUROCONVERT | Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation). | ||

REGISTER.ID | Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered |

## Compatibility

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

BETADIST | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function | ||

BETAINV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution | ||

BINOMDIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability | ||

CEILING | Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | ||

CHIDIST | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | ||

CHIINV | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | ||

CHITEST | Returns the test for independence | ||

CONFIDENCE | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean | ||

COVAR | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations | ||

CRITBINOM | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value | ||

EXPONDIST | Returns the exponential distribution | ||

FDIST | Returns the F probability distribution | ||

FINV | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution | ||

FLOOR | Rounds a number down, toward zero | ||

FTEST | Returns the result of an F-test | ||

GAMMADIST | Returns the gamma distribution | ||

GAMMAINV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | ||

HYPGEOMDIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution | ||

LOGINV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution | ||

LOGNORMDIST | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution | ||

MODE | Returns the most common value in a data set | ||

NEGBINOMDIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution | ||

NORMDIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution | ||

NORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | ||

NORMSDIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution | ||

NORMSINV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | ||

PERCENTILE | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range | ||

PERCENTRANK | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set | ||

POISSON | Returns the Poisson distribution | ||

QUARTILE | Returns the quartile of a data set | ||

RANK | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers | ||

STDEV | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample | ||

STDEVP | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population | ||

TDIST | Returns the Student's t-distribution | ||

TINV | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution | ||

TTEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test | ||

VAR | Estimates variance based on a sample | ||

VARP | Calculates variance based on the entire population | ||

WEIBULL | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

ZTEST | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

## Cube

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. | ||

CUBEMEMBER | Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. | ||

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. | ||

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. | ||

CUBESET | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. | ||

CUBESETCOUNT | Returns the number of items in a set. | ||

CUBEVALUE | Returns an aggregated value from a cube. |

## Database

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

DAVERAGE | Returns the average of selected database entries | ||

DCOUNT | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database | ||

DCOUNTA | Counts nonblank cells in a database | ||

DGET | Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria | ||

DMAX | Returns the maximum value from selected database entries | ||

DMIN | Returns the minimum value from selected database entries | ||

DPRODUCT | Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database | ||

DSTDEV | Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries | ||

DSTDEVP | Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries | ||

DSUM | Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria | ||

DVAR | Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries | ||

DVARP | Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries |

## Date and time

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

DATE | Returns the serial number of a particular date | ||

DATEDIF | Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age. | ||

DATEVALUE | Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number | ||

DAY | Converts a serial number to a day of the month | ||

DAYS | Returns the number of days between two dates | ||

DAYS360 | Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year | ||

EDATE | Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date | ||

EOMONTH | Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months | ||

HOUR | Converts a serial number to an hour | ||

ISOWEEKNUM | Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date | ||

MINUTE | Converts a serial number to a minute | ||

MONTH | Converts a serial number to a month | ||

NETWORKDAYS | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates | ||

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days | ||

NOW | Returns the serial number of the current date and time | ||

SECOND | Converts a serial number to a second | ||

TIME | Returns the serial number of a particular time | ||

TIMEVALUE | Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number | ||

TODAY | Returns the serial number of today's date | ||

WEEKDAY | Converts a serial number to a day of the week | ||

WEEKNUM | Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year | ||

WORKDAY | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays | ||

WORKDAY.INTL | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days | ||

YEAR | Converts a serial number to a year | ||

YEARFRAC | Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date |

## Engineering

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

BESSELI | Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) | ||

BESSELJ | Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) | ||

BESSELK | Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) | ||

BESSELY | Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) | ||

BIN2DEC | Converts a binary number to decimal | ||

BIN2HEX | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal | ||

BIN2OCT | Converts a binary number to octal | ||

BITAND | Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers | ||

BITLSHIFT | Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits | ||

BITOR | Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers | ||

BITRSHIFT | Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits | ||

BITXOR | Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers | ||

COMPLEX | Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number | ||

CONVERT | Converts a number from one measurement system to another | ||

DEC2BIN | Converts a decimal number to binary | ||

DEC2HEX | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal | ||

DEC2OCT | Converts a decimal number to octal | ||

DELTA | Tests whether two values are equal | ||

ERF | Returns the error function | ||

ERF.PRECISE | Returns the error function | ||

ERFC | Returns the complementary error function | ||

ERFC.PRECISE | Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity | ||

GESTEP | Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value | ||

HEX2BIN | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary | ||

HEX2DEC | Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal | ||

HEX2OCT | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal | ||

IMABS | Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number | ||

IMAGINARY | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number | ||

IMARGUMENT | Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians | ||

IMCONJUGATE | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number | ||

IMCOS | Returns the cosine of a complex number | ||

IMCOSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number | ||

IMCOT | Returns the cotangent of a complex number | ||

IMCSC | Returns the cosecant of a complex number | ||

IMCSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number | ||

IMDIV | Returns the quotient of two complex numbers | ||

IMEXP | Returns the exponential of a complex number | ||

IMLN | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number | ||

IMLOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number | ||

IMLOG2 | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number | ||

IMPOWER | Returns a complex number raised to an integer power | ||

IMPRODUCT | Returns the product of complex numbers | ||

IMREAL | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number | ||

IMSEC | Returns the secant of a complex number | ||

IMSECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number | ||

IMSIN | Returns the sine of a complex number | ||

IMSINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number | ||

IMSQRT | Returns the square root of a complex number | ||

IMSUB | Returns the difference between two complex numbers | ||

IMSUM | Returns the sum of complex numbers | ||

IMTAN | Returns the tangent of a complex number | ||

OCT2BIN | Converts an octal number to binary | ||

OCT2DEC | Converts an octal number to decimal | ||

OCT2HEX | Converts an octal number to hexadecimal |

## Financial

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

ACCRINT | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest | ||

ACCRINTM | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity | ||

AMORDEGRC | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient | ||

AMORLINC | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period | ||

COUPDAYBS | Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date | ||

COUPDAYS | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date | ||

COUPDAYSNC | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date | ||

COUPNCD | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date | ||

COUPNUM | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date | ||

COUPPCD | Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date | ||

CUMIPMT | Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods | ||

CUMPRINC | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods | ||

DB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method | ||

DDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify | ||

DISC | Returns the discount rate for a security | ||

DOLLARDE | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number | ||

DOLLARFR | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction | ||

DURATION | Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments | ||

EFFECT | Returns the effective annual interest rate | ||

FV | Returns the future value of an investment | ||

FVSCHEDULE | Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates | ||

INTRATE | Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security | ||

IPMT | Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period | ||

IRR | Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows | ||

ISPMT | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment | ||

MDURATION | Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 | ||

MIRR | Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates | ||

NOMINAL | Returns the annual nominal interest rate | ||

NPER | Returns the number of periods for an investment | ||

NPV | Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate | ||

ODDFPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period | ||

ODDFYIELD | Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period | ||

ODDLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period | ||

ODDLYIELD | Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period | ||

PDURATION | Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value | ||

PMT | Returns the periodic payment for an annuity | ||

PPMT | Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period | ||

PRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest | ||

PRICEDISC | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security | ||

PRICEMAT | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity | ||

PV | Returns the present value of an investment | ||

RATE | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity | ||

RECEIVED | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security | ||

RRI | Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment | ||

SLN | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period | ||

STOCKHISTORY | Retrieves historical data about a financial instrument | ||

SYD | Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period | ||

TBILLEQ | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill | ||

TBILLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill | ||

TBILLYIELD | Returns the yield for a Treasury bill | ||

VDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method | ||

XIRR | Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic | ||

XNPV | Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic | ||

YIELD | Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest | ||

YIELDDISC | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill | ||

YIELDMAT | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity |

## Information

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

CELL | Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell | ||

ERROR.TYPE | Returns a number corresponding to an error type | ||

INFO | Returns information about the current operating environment | ||

ISBLANK | Returns TRUE if the value is blank | is empty string (Z10008) | |

ISERR | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A | ||

ISERROR | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value | ||

ISEVEN | Returns TRUE if the number is even | (!) numeric string is even (Z12480) | |

ISFORMULA | Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula | ||

ISLOGICAL | Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value | ||

ISNA | Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value | ||

ISNONTEXT | Returns TRUE if the value is not text | ||

ISNUMBER | Returns TRUE if the value is a number | is numeric (Z10715) | |

ISODD | Returns TRUE if the number is odd | (!) numeric integer string is odd (Z12429) | |

ISOMITTED | Checks whether the value in a LAMBDA is missing and returns TRUE or FALSE | ||

ISREF | Returns TRUE if the value is a reference | ||

ISTEXT | Returns TRUE if the value is text | ||

N | Returns a value converted to a number | ||

NA | Returns the error value #N/A | ||

SHEET | Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet | ||

SHEETS | Returns the number of sheets in a reference | ||

TYPE | Returns a number indicating the data type of a value |

## Logical

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

AND | Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE | and (Z10174) | |

BYCOL | Applies a LAMBDA to each column and returns an array of the results | ||

BYROW | Applies a LAMBDA to each row and returns an array of the results | ||

FALSE | Returns the logical value FALSE | nullary false (Z10206) | |

IF | Specifies a logical test to perform | If (Z802), if (string output) (Z11542) | |

IFERROR | Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula | ||

IFNA | Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression | ||

IFS | Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. | ||

LAMBDA | Create custom, reusable functions and call them by a friendly name | ||

LET | Assigns names to calculation results | ||

MAKEARRAY | Returns a calculated array of a specified row and column size, by applying a LAMBDA | ||

MAP | Returns an array formed by mapping each value in the array(s) to a new value by applying a LAMBDA to create a new value | Map Function (Z873) | |

NOT | Reverses the logic of its argument | not (Z10216) | |

OR | Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE | or (Z10184) | |

REDUCE | Reduces an array to an accumulated value by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returning the total value in the accumulator | ||

SCAN | Scans an array by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returns an array that has each intermediate value | ||

SWITCH | Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned. | ||

TRUE | Returns the logical value TRUE | nullary true (Z10210) | |

XOR | Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments | Boolean inequality (Z10237) |

## Lookup and reference

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

VSTACK | Appends arrays vertically and in sequence to return a larger array | ||

WRAPCOLS | Wraps the provided row or column of values by columns after a specified number of elements | ||

WRAPROWS | Wraps the provided row or column of values by rows after a specified number of elements | ||

ADDRESS | Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet | ||

AREAS | Returns the number of areas in a reference | ||

CHOOSE | Chooses a value from a list of values | ||

CHOOSECOLS | Returns the specified columns from an array | ||

CHOOSEROWS | Returns the specified rows from an array | ||

COLUMN | Returns the column number of a reference | ||

COLUMNS | Returns the number of columns in a reference | ||

DROP | Excludes a specified number of rows or columns from the start or end of an array | ||

EXPAND | Expands or pads an array to specified row and column dimensions | ||

FILTER | Filters a range of data based on criteria you define | ||

FORMULATEXT | Returns the formula at the given reference as text | ||

GETPIVOTDATA | Returns data stored in a PivotTable report | ||

HLOOKUP | Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell | ||

HSTACK | Appends arrays horizontally and in sequence to return a larger array | ||

HYPERLINK | Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet | ||

IMAGE | Returns an image from a given source | ||

INDEX | Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array | ||

INDIRECT | Returns a reference indicated by a text value | ||

LOOKUP | Looks up values in a vector or array | ||

MATCH | Looks up values in a reference or array | ||

OFFSET | Returns a reference offset from a given reference | ||

ROW | Returns the row number of a reference | ||

ROWS | Returns the number of rows in a reference | ||

RTD | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation | ||

SORT | Sorts the contents of a range or array | ||

SORTBY | Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array | ||

TAKE | Returns a specified number of contiguous rows or columns from the start or end of an array | ||

TOCOL | Returns the array in a single column | ||

TOROW | Returns the array in a single row | ||

TRANSPOSE | Returns the transpose of an array | ||

UNIQUE | Returns a list of unique values in a list or range | ||

VLOOKUP | Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell | ||

XLOOKUP | Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match. | ||

XMATCH | Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells. |

## Math and trigonometry

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

ABS | Returns the absolute value of a number | (!) absolute value (numeric string) (Z11235) | |

ACOS | Returns the arccosine of a number | (!) inverse cosine (Z12497) | |

ACOSH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number | (!) inverse hyperbolic cosine (Z12500) | |

ACOT | Returns the arccotangent of a number | ||

ACOTH | Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number | ||

AGGREGATE | Returns an aggregate in a list or database | ||

ARABIC | Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number | Roman to Arabic numeral (Z11023) | |

ASIN | Returns the arcsine of a number | (!) inverse sine (Z12505) | |

ASINH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number | (!) inverse hyperbolic sine (Z12509) | |

ATAN | Returns the arctangent of a number | ||

ATAN2 | Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates | ||

ATANH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number | ||

BASE | Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) | ||

CEILING.MATH | Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | ||

CEILING.PRECISE | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. | ||

COMBIN | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects | ||

COMBINA | Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items | ||

COS | Returns the cosine of a number | (!) cosine (Z12473) | |

COSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number | ||

COT | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number | ||

COTH | Returns the cotangent of an angle | ||

CSC | Returns the cosecant of an angle | ||

CSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle | ||

DECIMAL | Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number | ||

DEGREES | Converts radians to degrees | ||

EVEN | Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer | ||

EXP | Returns e raised to the power of a given number | ||

FACT | Returns the factorial of a number | ||

FACTDOUBLE | Returns the double factorial of a number | ||

FLOOR.MATH | Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | ||

FLOOR.PRECISE | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. | ||

GCD | Returns the greatest common divisor | ||

INT | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer | ||

ISO.CEILING | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance | ||

LCM | Returns the least common multiple | ||

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a number | ||

LOG | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base | ||

LOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number | ||

MDETERM | Returns the matrix determinant of an array | ||

MINVERSE | Returns the matrix inverse of an array | ||

MMULT | Returns the matrix product of two arrays | ||

MOD | Returns the remainder from division | (!) modulo - string types (Z12476) | |

MROUND | Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple | ||

MULTINOMIAL | Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers | ||

MUNIT | Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension | ||

ODD | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer | ||

PI | Returns the value of pi | Z10857 | |

POWER | Returns the result of a number raised to a power | ||

PRODUCT | Multiplies its arguments | (!) multiply two numeric strings (Z10862) | |

QUOTIENT | Returns the integer portion of a division | (!) division of numeric strings (Z12522) | |

RADIANS | Converts degrees to radians | ||

RAND | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 | ||

RANDARRAY | Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values. | ||

RANDBETWEEN | Returns a random number between the numbers you specify | ||

ROMAN | Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text | Arabic to Roman numeral (Z11022) | |

ROUND | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits | ||

ROUNDDOWN | Rounds a number down, toward zero | ||

ROUNDUP | Rounds a number up, away from zero | ||

SEC | Returns the secant of an angle | ||

SECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle | ||

SEQUENCE | Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4 | ||

SERIESSUM | Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula | ||

SIGN | Returns the sign of a number | ||

SIN | Returns the sine of the given angle | ||

SINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number | ||

SQRT | Returns a positive square root | ||

SQRTPI | Returns the square root of (number * pi) | ||

SUBTOTAL | Returns a subtotal in a list or database | ||

SUM | Adds its arguments | ||

SUMIF | Adds the cells specified by a given criteria | ||

SUMIFS | Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria | ||

SUMPRODUCT | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components | ||

SUMSQ | Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments | ||

SUMX2MY2 | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays | ||

SUMX2PY2 | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays | ||

SUMXMY2 | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays | ||

TAN | Returns the tangent of a number | ||

TANH | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number | ||

TRUNC | Truncates a number to an integer |

## Statistical

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

AVEDEV | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean | ||

AVERAGE | Returns the average of its arguments | ||

AVERAGEA | Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

AVERAGEIF | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria | ||

AVERAGEIFS | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. | ||

BETA.DIST | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function | ||

BETA.INV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution | ||

BINOM.DIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability | ||

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution | ||

BINOM.INV | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value | ||

CHISQ.DIST | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function | ||

CHISQ.DIST.RT | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | ||

CHISQ.INV | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function | ||

CHISQ.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution | ||

CHISQ.TEST | Returns the test for independence | ||

CONFIDENCE.NORM | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean | ||

CONFIDENCE.T | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution | ||

CORREL | Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets | ||

COUNT | Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments | ||

COUNTA | Counts how many values are in the list of arguments | ||

COUNTBLANK | Counts the number of blank cells within a range | ||

COUNTIF | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria | ||

COUNTIFS | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria | ||

COVARIANCE.P | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations | ||

COVARIANCE.S | Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets | ||

DEVSQ | Returns the sum of squares of deviations | ||

EXPON.DIST | Returns the exponential distribution | ||

F.DIST | Returns the F probability distribution | ||

F.DIST.RT | Returns the F probability distribution | ||

F.INV | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution | ||

F.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution | ||

FISHER | Returns the Fisher transformation | ||

FISHERINV | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation | ||

FORECAST | Returns a value along a linear trend | ||

FORECAST.ETS | Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm | ||

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date | ||

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series | ||

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting | ||

FORECAST.LINEAR | Returns a future value based on existing values | ||

FREQUENCY | Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array | ||

F.TEST | Returns the result of an F-test | ||

GAMMA | Returns the Gamma function value | ||

GAMMA.DIST | Returns the gamma distribution | ||

GAMMA.INV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution | ||

GAMMALN | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) | ||

GAMMALN.PRECISE | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) | ||

GAUSS | Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution | ||

GEOMEAN | Returns the geometric mean | ||

GROWTH | Returns values along an exponential trend | ||

HARMEAN | Returns the harmonic mean | ||

HYPGEOM.DIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution | ||

INTERCEPT | Returns the intercept of the linear regression line | ||

KURT | Returns the kurtosis of a data set | ||

LARGE | Returns the k-th largest value in a data set | ||

LINEST | Returns the parameters of a linear trend | ||

LOGEST | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend | ||

LOGNORM.DIST | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution | ||

LOGNORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution | ||

MAX | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments | ||

MAXA | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

MAXIFS | Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria | ||

MEDIAN | Returns the median of the given numbers | ||

MIN | Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments | ||

MINIFS | Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria. | ||

MINA | Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

MODE.MULT | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data | ||

MODE.SNGL | Returns the most common value in a data set | ||

NEGBINOM.DIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution | ||

NORM.DIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution | ||

NORMINV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution | ||

NORM.S.DIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution | ||

NORM.S.INV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution | ||

PEARSON | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient | ||

PERCENTILE.EXC | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive | ||

PERCENTILE.INC | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range | ||

PERCENTRANK.EXC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set | ||

PERCENTRANK.INC | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set | ||

PERMUT | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects | ||

PERMUTATIONA | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects | ||

PHI | Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution | ||

POISSON.DIST | Returns the Poisson distribution | ||

PROB | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits | ||

QUARTILE.EXC | Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive | ||

QUARTILE.INC | Returns the quartile of a data set | ||

RANK.AVG | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers | ||

RANK.EQ | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers | ||

RSQ | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient | ||

SKEW | Returns the skewness of a distribution | ||

SKEW.P | Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean | ||

SLOPE | Returns the slope of the linear regression line | ||

SMALL | Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set | ||

STANDARDIZE | Returns a normalized value | ||

STDEV.P | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population | ||

STDEV.S | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample | ||

STDEVA | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

STDEVPA | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

STEYX | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression | ||

T.DIST | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution | ||

T.DIST.2T | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution | ||

T.DIST.RT | Returns the Student's t-distribution | ||

T.INV | Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom | ||

T.INV.2T | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution | ||

TREND | Returns values along a linear trend | ||

TRIMMEAN | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set | ||

T.TEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test | ||

VAR.P | Calculates variance based on the entire population | ||

VAR.S | Estimates variance based on a sample | ||

VARA | Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

VARPA | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values | ||

WEIBULL.DIST | Returns the Weibull distribution | ||

Z.TEST | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

## Text

Function name | Description | ZID | Note |
---|---|---|---|

ARRAYTOTEXT | Returns an array of text values from any specified range | ||

ASC | Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters | ||

BAHTTEXT | Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format | ||

CHAR | Returns the character specified by the code number | ||

CLEAN | Removes all nonprintable characters from text | ||

CODE | Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string | ||

CONCAT | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments. | join two strings (Z10000): combine two strings, one after the other | WF only takes two strings |

CONCATENATE | Joins several text items into one text item | join two strings (Z10000): combine two strings, one after the other | |

DBCS | Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters | ||

DOLLAR | Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format | ||

EXACT | Checks to see if two text values are identical | string equality (Z866): True if the first string and the second string are the same | |

FIND, FINDBs | Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) | ||

FIXED | Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals | ||

JIS | Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters | ||

LEFT, LEFTBs | Returns the leftmost characters from a text value | ||

LEN, LENBs | Returns the number of characters in a text string | ||

LOWER | Converts text to lowercase | To Lowercase (Z10047): Convert a string to lowercase letters | |

MID, MIDBs | Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify | ||

NUMBERVALUE | Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner | ||

PHONETIC | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string | ||

PROPER | Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value | to Title Case (Z10251): converts a string to title case | |

REPLACE, REPLACEBs | Replaces characters within text | ||

REPT | Repeats text a given number of times | duplicate string N times (Z10911): 入力された文字列をN回複製して、結合した形で出力する | |

RIGHT, RIGHTBs | Returns the rightmost characters from a text value | ||

SEARCH, SEARCHBs | Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) | ||

SUBSTITUTE | Substitutes new text for old text in a text string | replace all substrings (Z10075): finds and replaces all instances of a substring in an input string | |

T | Converts its arguments to text | ||

TEXT | Formats a number and converts it to text | ||

TEXTAFTER | Returns text that occurs after given character or string | discard from end of first substring (Z11412): if the substring is found in the full string, discard everything after but not including the first occurrence, otherwise leave unchanged discard from end of last substring (Z11416): if the substring is found in the full string, discard everything after but not including the last occurrence, otherwise leave unchanged | Excel has parameters to choose last (or Nth) |

TEXTBEFORE | Returns text that occurs before a given character or string | discard until start of first substring (Z11418): if the substring is found in the full string, discard everything before but not including the first occurrence, otherwise leave unchanged discard until start of last substring (Z11422): if the substring is found in the full string, discard everything before but not including the last occurrence, otherwise leave unchanged | Excel has parameters to choose last (or Nth) |

TEXTJOIN | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings | ||

TEXTSPLIT | Splits text strings by using column and row delimiters | ||

TRIM | Removes spaces from text | Trim String (Z10079): Remove starting and ending whitespaces | |

UNICHAR | Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value | chr of codepoint (Z11534): the chr() function in python | |

UNICODE | Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text | unicode of first character (Z11515): Python ord() function. Return the natural number that represents the (single/first) character input. | |

UPPER | Converts text to uppercase | To Uppercase (Z10018): Convert a string to uppercase letters | |

VALUE | Converts a text argument to a number | ||

VALUETOTEXT | Returns text from any specified value | ||

ENCODEURL | Returns a URL-encoded string | URI percent encode (Z10761): encodes certain characters using URI percent encoding syntax | |

FILTERXML | Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath | ||

WEBSERVICE | Returns data from a web service. |