# Wikifunctions:Excel functions

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List of add-in and automation Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
CALL Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource
EUROCONVERT Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).
REGISTER.ID Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered

## Compatibility

List of compatibility Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
BETADIST Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOMDIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
CEILING Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CHIDIST Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHITEST Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
COVAR Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
CRITBINOM Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
EXPONDIST Returns the exponential distribution
FDIST Returns the F probability distribution
FINV Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FLOOR Rounds a number down, toward zero
FTEST Returns the result of an F-test
GAMMAINV Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
HYPGEOMDIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution
LOGINV Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOGNORMDIST Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
MODE Returns the most common value in a data set
NEGBINOMDIST Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORMDIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.INV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PERCENTILE Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
POISSON Returns the Poisson distribution
QUARTILE Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
STDEV Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVP Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
TDIST Returns the Student's t-distribution
TINV Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TTEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
VAR Estimates variance based on a sample
VARP Calculates variance based on the entire population
WEIBULL Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
ZTEST Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

## Cube

List of cube Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
CUBEKPIMEMBER Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.
CUBEMEMBER Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE Returns an aggregated value from a cube.

## Database

List of database Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
DAVERAGE Returns the average of selected database entries
DCOUNT Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA Counts nonblank cells in a database
DGET Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DMAX Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DPRODUCT Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DVAR Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

## Date and time

List of date and time Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
DATE Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEDIF Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age.
DATEVALUE Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAY Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS Returns the number of days between two dates
DAYS360 Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
EDATE Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EOMONTH Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
HOUR Converts a serial number to an hour
ISOWEEKNUM Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date
MINUTE Converts a serial number to a minute
MONTH Converts a serial number to a month
NETWORKDAYS Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
NOW Returns the serial number of the current date and time
SECOND Converts a serial number to a second
TIME Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TODAY Returns the serial number of today's date
WEEKDAY Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WORKDAY Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
WORKDAY.INTL Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
YEAR Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

## Engineering

List of engineering Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
BESSELI Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BIN2DEC Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT Converts a binary number to octal
BITAND Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers
BITLSHIFT Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits
BITOR Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers
BITRSHIFT Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits
BITXOR Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers
COMPLEX Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONVERT Converts a number from one measurement system to another
DEC2BIN Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT Converts a decimal number to octal
DELTA Tests whether two values are equal
ERF Returns the error function
ERF.PRECISE Returns the error function
ERFC Returns the complementary error function
ERFC.PRECISE Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity
GESTEP Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
HEX2BIN Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
IMABS Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMCOSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number
IMCOT Returns the cotangent of a complex number
IMCSC Returns the cosecant of a complex number
IMCSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number
IMDIV Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSEC Returns the secant of a complex number
IMSECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number
IMSIN Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number
IMSQRT Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM Returns the sum of complex numbers
IMTAN Returns the tangent of a complex number
OCT2BIN Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

## Financial

List of financial Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
ACCRINT Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
AMORDEGRC Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
COUPDAYBS Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
CUMIPMT Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DISC Returns the discount rate for a security
DOLLARDE Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DURATION Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
EFFECT Returns the effective annual interest rate
FV Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
INTRATE Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISPMT Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
MDURATION Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100
MIRR Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
NOMINAL Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NPER Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
ODDFPRICE Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
PDURATION Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value
PMT Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
PPMT Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PV Returns the present value of an investment
RATE Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
RRI Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment
SLN Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
STOCKHISTORY Retrieves historical data about a financial instrument
SYD Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
TBILLEQ Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
VDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
XIRR Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
YIELD Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

## Information

List of information Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
CELL Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
ERROR.TYPE Returns a number corresponding to an error type
INFO Returns information about the current operating environment
ISBLANK Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISFORMULA Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula
ISLOGICAL Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISODD Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISOMITTED Checks whether the value in a LAMBDA is missing and returns TRUE or FALSE
ISREF Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT Returns TRUE if the value is text
N Returns a value converted to a number
NA Returns the error value #N/A
SHEET Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet
SHEETS Returns the number of sheets in a reference
TYPE Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

## Logical

List of logical Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
AND Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE and (Z10174)
BYCOL Applies a LAMBDA to each column and returns an array of the results
BYROW Applies a LAMBDA to each row and returns an array of the results
FALSE Returns the logical value FALSE nullary false (Z10206)
IF Specifies a logical test to perform If (Z802)
IFERROR Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
IFNA Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression
IFS Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition.
LAMBDA Create custom, reusable functions and call them by a friendly name
LET Assigns names to calculation results
MAKEARRAY Returns a calculated array of a specified row and column size, by applying a LAMBDA
MAP Returns an array formed by mapping each value in the array(s) to a new value by applying a LAMBDA to create a new value
NOT Reverses the logic of its argument not (Z10216)
OR Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE or (Z10184)
REDUCE Reduces an array to an accumulated value by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returning the total value in the accumulator
SCAN Scans an array by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returns an array that has each intermediate value
SWITCH Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned.
TRUE Returns the logical value TRUE nullary true (Z10210)
XOR Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments Boolean inequality (Z10237)

## Lookup and reference

List of lookup and reference Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
VSTACK Appends arrays vertically and in sequence to return a larger array
WRAPCOLS Wraps the provided row or column of values by columns after a specified number of elements
WRAPROWS Wraps the provided row or column of values by rows after a specified number of elements
ADDRESS Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AREAS Returns the number of areas in a reference
CHOOSE Chooses a value from a list of values
CHOOSECOLS Returns the specified columns from an array
CHOOSEROWS Returns the specified rows from an array
COLUMN Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS Returns the number of columns in a reference
DROP Excludes a specified number of rows or columns from the start or end of an array
EXPAND Expands or pads an array to specified row and column dimensions
FILTER Filters a range of data based on criteria you define
FORMULATEXT Returns the formula at the given reference as text
GETPIVOTDATA Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
HLOOKUP Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HSTACK Appends arrays horizontally and in sequence to return a larger array
HYPERLINK Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
IMAGE Returns an image from a given source
INDEX Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT Returns a reference indicated by a text value
LOOKUP Looks up values in a vector or array
MATCH Looks up values in a reference or array
OFFSET Returns a reference offset from a given reference
ROW Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS Returns the number of rows in a reference
RTD Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation
SORT Sorts the contents of a range or array
SORTBY Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array
TAKE Returns a specified number of contiguous rows or columns from the start or end of an array
TOCOL Returns the array in a single column
TOROW Returns the array in a single row
TRANSPOSE Returns the transpose of an array
UNIQUE Returns a list of unique values in a list or range
VLOOKUP Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
XLOOKUP Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match.
XMATCH Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells.

## Math and trigonometry

List of math and trigonometry Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
ABS Returns the absolute value of a number
ACOS Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ACOT Returns the arccotangent of a number
ACOTH Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number
AGGREGATE Returns an aggregate in a list or database
ARABIC Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number
ASIN Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
BASE Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)
CEILING.MATH Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
COMBIN Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMBINA Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items
COS Returns the cosine of a number
COSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COT Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COTH Returns the cotangent of an angle
CSC Returns the cosecant of an angle
CSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle
DECIMAL Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number
EVEN Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXP Returns e raised to the power of a given number
FACT Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE Returns the double factorial of a number
FLOOR.MATH Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
FLOOR.PRECISE Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
GCD Returns the greatest common divisor
INT Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
ISO.CEILING Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
LCM Returns the least common multiple
LN Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
MDETERM Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MINVERSE Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MMULT Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD Returns the remainder from division
MROUND Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
MUNIT Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension
ODD Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
PI Returns the value of pi
POWER Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PRODUCT Multiplies its arguments
QUOTIENT Returns the integer portion of a division
RAND Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDARRAY Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values.
RANDBETWEEN Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
ROMAN Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP Rounds a number up, away from zero
SEC Returns the secant of an angle
SECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle
SEQUENCE Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4
SERIESSUM Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SIGN Returns the sign of a number
SIN Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SQRT Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI Returns the square root of (number * pi)
SUBTOTAL Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUMIF Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
TAN Returns the tangent of a number
TANH Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TRUNC Truncates a number to an integer

## Statistical

List of statistical Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
AVEDEV Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
BETA.DIST Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETA.INV Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOM.DIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BINOM.DIST.RANGE Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution
BINOM.INV Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
CHISQ.DIST Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.DIST.RT Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.INV Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.TEST Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE.NORM Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.T Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution
CORREL Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COUNT Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COVARIANCE.P Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.S Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets
DEVSQ Returns the sum of squares of deviations
EXPON.DIST Returns the exponential distribution
F.DIST Returns the F probability distribution
F.DIST.RT Returns the F probability distribution
F.INV Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FORECAST Returns a value along a linear trend
FORECAST.ETS Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm
FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date
FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series
FORECAST.ETS.STAT Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting
FORECAST.LINEAR Returns a future value based on existing values
FREQUENCY Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
F.TEST Returns the result of an F-test
GAMMA Returns the Gamma function value
GAMMA.DIST Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMA.INV Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAMMALN.PRECISE Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAUSS Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution
GEOMEAN Returns the geometric mean
GROWTH Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN Returns the harmonic mean
HYPGEOM.DIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution
INTERCEPT Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
KURT Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LINEST Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LOGEST Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGNORM.DIST Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORM.INV Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
MAX Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MAXIFS Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria
MEDIAN Returns the median of the given numbers
MIN Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINIFS Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.
MINA Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MODE.MULT Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data
MODE.SNGL Returns the most common value in a data set
NEGBINOM.DIST Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORM.DIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.DIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.INV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PEARSON Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE.EXC Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive
PERCENTILE.INC Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK.EXC Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set
PERCENTRANK.INC Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PERMUTATIONA Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects
PHI Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution
POISSON.DIST Returns the Poisson distribution
PROB Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
QUARTILE.EXC Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive
QUARTILE.INC Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK.AVG Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.EQ Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RSQ Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
SKEW Returns the skewness of a distribution
SKEW.P Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean
SLOPE Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
STANDARDIZE Returns a normalized value
STDEV.P Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEV.S Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVPA Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
T.DIST Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.2T Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.RT Returns the Student's t-distribution
T.INV Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom
T.INV.2T Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TREND Returns values along a linear trend
TRIMMEAN Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
T.TEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
VAR.P Calculates variance based on the entire population
VAR.S Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARPA Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL.DIST Returns the Weibull distribution
Z.TEST Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

## Text

List of text Excel functions
Function name Description ZID Note
ARRAYTOTEXT Returns an array of text values from any specified range
ASC Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
CHAR Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
CONCAT Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments. join strings (Z10000) WF only takes two strings
CONCATENATE Joins several text items into one text item join strings (Z10000)
DBCS Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
DOLLAR Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format
EXACT Checks to see if two text values are identical string equality (Z866)
FIND, FINDBs Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FIXED Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
JIS Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters
LEFT, LEFTBs Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENBs Returns the number of characters in a text string
LOWER Converts text to lowercase To Lowercase (Z10047)
MID, MIDBs Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
NUMBERVALUE Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner
PHONETIC Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PROPER Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value To Titlecase (Z10251)
REPLACE, REPLACEBs Replaces characters within text
REPT Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTBs Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH, SEARCHBs Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SUBSTITUTE Substitutes new text for old text in a text string Replace All (Z10075)
T Converts its arguments to text
TEXT Formats a number and converts it to text
TEXTAFTER Returns text that occurs after given character or string
TEXTBEFORE Returns text that occurs before a given character or string
TEXTJOIN Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings
TEXTSPLIT Splits text strings by using column and row delimiters
TRIM Removes spaces from text Trim String (Z10079)
UNICHAR Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value
UNICODE Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text
UPPER Converts text to uppercase To Uppercase (Z10018)
VALUE Converts a text argument to a number
VALUETOTEXT Returns text from any specified value
ENCODEURL Returns a URL-encoded string URI percent encode (Z10761)
FILTERXML Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath
WEBSERVICE Returns data from a web service.